Wood lexicon Types of wood

Ipe Lapacho

[I pe La pa cho]; [Tabebuia serratifolia]; pau d'arco (BR); groenhart (SR, NL); guayacán polvillo (CO); ébène verte (GF, F); arcwood


Northern to central South America

bulk density

1,2 g / cm³

durability class


radial shrinkage


Tangential shrinkage


wood color

brown to olive

wood structure

fine-pored and dense


Terrace wood

Ipe is the name for the wood of several South American tree species. The trees of the subgenus Lapacho in this family produce a very hard and heavy wood of high quality. It has a very high resistance to wood-destroying fungi and very good technical properties. In terms of dimensional stability and the risk of splintering, Ipe Lapacho is the only wood that can approach the excellent values ​​of teak.

Good but endangered

Due to its high quality, Ipe was heavily farmed in the past. The deciduous tree, referred to by the indigenous population as the "tree of life", has already completely disappeared from the primeval forests in many regions. The massive impact has prompted some Latin American countries to place the tree under special protection. However, the majority of countries deny the lapacho tree this special protection, which is why it is still available on the European market.

No afforestation of Ipe Lapacho

So far, no Ipe wood is available that comes from sustainable reforestation projects. Therefore, the high demand has a direct impact on the population in the primary forests. An alternative to Ipe is the type of wood Cumaru.

More than just wood

The inner bark of the lapacho tree has been used to prepare tea since the Incas. It is said to have numerous healing effects.

Sources: Wood ABC GD wood, tropix, Wikipedia

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