Wood lexicon Types of wood


[Larix decidua]; trade name (European) Larch (GB); Meleze (FR); Larice (IT); Lariks (NL); Alert de Europa (ES)



Europe, temperate climate zones

bulk density

470-620 kg/m³

durability class


radial shrinkage

0,14 - 0,18%

Tangential shrinkage

0,28 - 0,36%

wood color

yellowish to reddish to orange-brown

wood structure

straight grained


Window and door frames, floors, furniture

The native larch, a coniferous tree, only played a subordinate role in the German timber industry until the discussion about tropical timber in the early 90s. Their importance, especially for gardening and landscaping, has increased significantly since then. Since the small amount in Germany (only about 3% of the forest area) cannot meet the increasing demand, it is supplemented by imports of Siberian larch. With a durability class between 3 and 4, larch has little to moderate durability and can therefore be used outdoors for 5 to 10 years. It owes its great success on the market primarily to its low price.