Wood lexicon Types of wood


[Beech]; [Fagus sylvatica]; beech (US, UK); hetre (F); faggio (I); crouch (NL); haya (E); kaim (TR); rodbok (S); buk (CS, PL, RU); bökk (H)


Europe, North Africa and Middle East, temperate Asia

bulk density

0,72 g / cm³

durability class


radial shrinkage

0,19 - 0,22%

Tangential shrinkage

0,38 - 0,44%

wood color

grey-pink to yellowish

wood structure

homogeneous and dense


Furniture, stairs, floors

With a share of 15 percent, the native beech is the most important deciduous tree species in Germany. The trees grow mainly in the lower and middle levels of the low mountain range and need good soil. Beech trees are deciduous and their bark is gray and smooth.

The demand is increasing

New concepts for silviculture consider the beech because of its characteristics as an excellent mixed tree species. Therefore, an increasing volume of beech wood is expected in the future. While the simple, light beech is still preferred by the market at the moment, the demand for beech red heartwood is also increasing. This is often used in furniture and parquet flooring.

Sources: Wood ABC GD wood, Wikipedia

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