Wood lexicon Types of wood


[Oak]; [Quercus spp.; family Fagaceae]; oak chêne (FR); roble, encino (ES)


Europe, North America, East Asia

bulk density

0,87 g / cm³

durability class

2 – 4

radial shrinkage

0,15 - 0,22%

Tangential shrinkage

0,28 - 0,36%

wood color

gray to reddish brown

wood structure

ring-pored and structured


Interior fittings, furniture, parquet, stairs

The oak is a genus of plants and belongs to the beech family. Due to the sometimes considerable differences in appearance, structure and technical properties, a distinction is made between three ranges (white oak, red oak, evergreen oak). The genus includes a total of about 450-500 species.

Widespread in Germany

With a total area of ​​1,1 million hectares, the oak accounts for 12 percent of the German forest area. This makes the oak the second most common deciduous tree species in Germany. The best-known native species include the pedunculate oak and the sessile oak. The red oak introduced from North America is less widespread.

Diverse areas of application

Compared to other European types of wood, oak wood is considered to be particularly hard and durable. The wood can often be found in interior fittings such as furniture, stairs or ceiling coverings. It is only moderately suitable for outdoor use, especially in terrace construction. Contact with ferrous metals can cause black-blue discolouration when wet.

Sources: Wood ABC GD wood, Wikipedia

[wd_asp id = 1]